Internet of Things
The term Internet of Things was first used by Kevin Ashon in 1999 .
His motivation is that humans are bad a capturing data about things because of limited time, attention and accuracy. But if we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things—using data they gathered without any help from us—we would be able to track and count everything, and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling, and whether they were fresh or past their best..
As solution he proposes the Internet of Things in which he envisions to empower computers with their own means of gathering information, so they can see, hear and smell the world for themselves, in all its random glory.  That also includes that things are highly interconnected.
The development of Smart Packaging solution using e.g. RFID or approaches to "Smart homes" can be seen as instantiations of this vision.